To guarantee the water softening system operates efficiently and effectively, it is crucial to calculate the capacity of the industrial water softener tank. In industrial settings, water softeners are frequently employed to get rid of the minerals that make water hard. Calcium and magnesium are two examples of minerals that can cause scaling and corrosion in pipelines and equipment, which can result in expensive repairs and downtime.
You must take into account the hardness of the water, how much water is used each day, and the size of your facility when determining the water softener tank capacity. Here is a step-by-step tutorial to assist you in determining the capacity of an industrial water softener tank:
- Determine the hardness of your water: The hardness of water is measured in grains per gallon (gpg). This measurement reflects the amount of calcium and magnesium in the water. To determine the hardness of your water, you can have a water analysis performed by a professional laboratory.
- Determine your daily water usage: To calculate the daily water usage, you need to determine the amount of water used by your facility on a daily basis. This information can be obtained by monitoring the water meter or by calculating the usage based on the number of employees, the number of machines, and the water usage per machine.
- Determine the size of the water softener tank: Water softener tanks come in different sizes, and the size of the tank is determined by the daily water usage and the hardness of the water. As a general rule, the larger the tank, the more capacity it will have to remove minerals from the water.
- Calculate the capacity of the water softener tank: To calculate the capacity of the water softener tank, you need to consider the daily water usage and the hardness of the water. A typical formula for calculating the capacity is:
Tank capacity (in cubic feet) = daily water usage (in gallons) / (24 x hardness of water in gpg)
For example, if your daily water usage is 500 gallons and the hardness of the water is 10 gpg, the capacity of the tank would be 500 / (24 x 10) = 2.08 cubic feet.
Due to its effectiveness in removing the minerals that cause water to become hard, ion exchange resin is a substance that is frequently used in water softening systems. During this procedure, sodium ions are used to replenish calcium and magnesium ions, which were removed from the water by the resin beads acting as a magnetic sponge. As a result, the water becomes soft, devoid of mineral accumulation, and does not corrode or scale pipes or other equipment.
Here are the steps for ion exchange resin application in water softening systems:
- Backwash: Before the ion exchange resin can be used, it must be backwashed to remove any debris or contaminants that may be present.
- Recharge: The ion exchange resin is then recharged with a salt solution, typically sodium chloride, which regenerates the resin beads and replaces the spent ions.
- Service flow: After the resin has been recharged, the water softening system is ready to be used. Water flows through the tank, and the resin beads attract and exchange the calcium and magnesium ions in the water for sodium ions.
- Regeneration: After a certain amount of time, the ion exchange resin will become saturated with calcium and magnesium ions and will need to be regenerated. This is done by reversing the flow of water through the tank and flushing out the spent ions. The resin is then recharged with a salt solution to prepare it for use again.
In conclusion, calculating the industrial water softener tank capacity is a critical step in ensuring the efficiency and effectiveness of your water softening system. By considering the hardness of the water, the daily water usage, and the size of the facility, you can determine the right size water softener tank to meet your needs.